Posted on April 18, 2012 by jmornini
Do you know the best resources
for searching Markush chemical structures in patent documents? If you need to freshen up your Markush search skills, then you’re in luck. Intellogist Reports on two of the largest sources of Markush data, Merged Markush Service (MMS)
and MARPAT on STN
, have both been fully updated, and we’ll look at some of the most important recent changes to these databases. The Merged Markush Service (MMS) is a generic chemical structure file which is linked to two bibliographic data files, the Derwent World Patents Index
, produced by Thomson Derwent, and the Pharm (formerly Pharmsearch) file, produced by the French Patent Office (INPI). MARPAT, produced by CAS
and FIZ-Karlsruhe, contains only patents which have been indexed into the CAplus
database and which generically disclose/claim chemical structures.
Last week we looked at major updates to the STN platform, on which you can search MARPAT. The content of the MARPAT database has undergone a lot of recent improvements, with new country coverage, more structure images, and additional backfile coverage from 1987 added to the file. Meanwhile, users can now search the MMS file through a new platform produced by ChemAxon. After the jump, we’ll look at updates to both the search features and content of MARPAT and MMS.
Filed under: Intellogist Updates, Patent Search News, Patent Search Systems, Search Tips and Tricks | Tagged: ChemAxon, Markush, MARPAT, MarvinSketch, Merged Markush Service, MMS | Leave a Comment »
Posted on July 7, 2011 by jmornini
Searching for Markush structures
is a difficult task, and professional searchers need training and experience to search competently for Markush structures in the MMS database
. Markush structures originate in patent claims (Markush claims) for generic chemical compounds, and a single Markush structure could correspond to thousands of different specific chemical structures (enumerations). The Merged Markush Service (MMS) was created in 1998, after the merger of two generic structure databases owned by Thomson Derwent and the French Patent Office (INPI). Until recently, the MMS file was only accessible via the Questel Imagination platform
or the STN Express platform
, and both platforms require command line searching in order to draw, search, and display structures. The chemical drawing tool Topfrag is available through Questel, but this program must be purchased.
Luckily, users now have a third option for searching MMS: through JChem and MarvinSketch, created by ChemAxon. Thomson Reuters recently partnered with ChemAxon to make Markush DARC (MMS) records available on the JChem platform. Continue reading to discover the unique search, display, and analytic capabilities of ChemAxon products!
Filed under: Patent Search News, Patent Search Systems, Search Tips and Tricks | Tagged: ChemAxon, JChem, Markush DARC, MarvinSketch, Merged Markush Service | 2 Comments »
Posted on November 9, 2010 by Kristin Whitman
There are only a few commercial information providers that can cope with the challenge of querying the chemical information disclosed in Markush structure claims in patents. If you’re not familiar with Markush patent claims, they are patent claims which describe generic patent structures that could include many different interchangeable parts. These complex patent claims can disclose hundreds of different potential chemical compounds by describing them in generic ways. For an example, see the chemical structure searching section of our Best Practices wiki article on Chemistry and Pharmaceuticals Searching.
Some chemical information companies have been interested in creating registries of known chemical substances that exist anywhere (not just in patent art). For example, the Chemical Abstracts Service has a well-known file of chemical substances called CAS REGISTRY, and the ChemSpider database is a newer service which aggregates publicly available chemical data from the web into a single repository. But searching Markush claims is not just a matter of querying a database of known structures. To conduct a successful Markush search, a search engine must be able to search through the patent claim language and understand all the possible compounds that may be covered by structures described in generic chemical terms. For example, how would you teach a computer to understand that a patent which claims a compound substituted by “an alkyl, an alkoxy, hydroxy, or amino,” is a good match for the specific chemical structure you drew as a query?
Filed under: Patent Search News, Patent Search Systems | Tagged: CAS, CAS REGISTRY, ChemAxon, Chemical Abstracts Service, ChemSpider, DecrIPt, dwpi, French Patent Office, IFI Claims, Markush, Markush DARC, Merged Markush Service, MMS, Pharm, Questel, Thomson Reuters, Wolters Kluwer | 8 Comments »